What are Raw Materials?
Raw Materials are substances or commodities utilized in the manufacturing or primary production of goods. Basic materials can be crude or processed. This means some of the raw materials are naturally available, and the other materials have to be produced or manufactured to form parts of intermediate or final products.
There are three types of direct raw materials: plant-based, animal-based, and mining-based. The availability of these resources forms the basics of any economy and the production process.
Different industries need varied raw materials to produce their final or intermediate products. For instance, the town Morbi, Gujarat, has many industries manufacturing various types of tiles, stones, and sanitaryware products. Therefore, this town has a huge influx of raw materials such as ceramic, sand, clay, silicate, quartz, marble, various chemicals, etc.
Industries in Morbi
Morbi is a small town located to the north of the Indian western state of Gujarat. The city is well connected with roadways, railways, and ports to assist in ease of trading across the globe.
Due to its central location, Morbi is a growing hub for trading and manufacturing. Morbi houses over 1000 production units.
The city is filled with manufacturing units producing ceramic tiles, sanitaryware, clocks, laminates, papers, etc. This growing industrial economy of Morbi has also given rise to ancillary industries such as packaging, chemicals, raw materials suppliers, export-import houses, etc.
Ceramic Manufacturing Morbi
The Ceramic Industry of Morbi stands second in the world. They produce ceramic tiles at the rate of 1400 square meters per day.
Today, Morbi has over 900 manufacturing units that produce various types of tiles such as Ceramic, Vitrified, Porcelain, Glazed Vitrified Tiles, Parking Tiles, etc. This town even has over 100 units making ceramic sanitaryware. These manufacturing units have fully automated their production lines and use advanced technology to
The annual turnover for the ceramic industry in Morbi exceeds the figure of seven thousand crores. This industry is said to grow rapidly over the years to come.
Ceramic Raw Material Supplier in Morbi
As there are an endless number of ceramic manufacturing units in Morbi, there’s a need for raw material suppliers who can disburse the huge requirements of the industries.
Wishing to cater to various ceramic producing units, Saurashtra Group of Companies has set up a separate entity dedicated to supplying raw materials. This entity is named Radhe Krishna Enterprises, and they provide premium quality ceramic resources.
As a ceramic manufacturer and raw material supplier, Saurashtra Group of Companies is on its way to becoming the top ceramic supplier in Morbi.
Raw Material Required for Ceramic Tiles
- Kaolinite/ Kaolin
Kaolinite, or Kaolin, is a clay mineral, and sometimes it’s always referred to as China Clay. This hydrous aluminum silicate is used to craft porcelain tiles, and this naturally occurring raw material adds a level of shine or gloss to the tiles.
- Silica Sand
Silica Sand is a mixture of tiny granules of quartz, clay, coal, and other minerals. This sand is a type of Silicon Dioxide (SiO2). It’s also known as quartz sand, industrial sand, or white sand. It’s a part of Basic Raw Materials and is used to manufacture many things such as Glass, Ceramics, Bricks, Industrial Abrasives, etc.
- Natural Clays
Earthenware and Stoneware are a couple of clay types generally used to craft tiles. Depending on the heating level, the clay types can fire at low temperatures and produce glazed or unglazed tiles.
Talc or Talcum is a kind of clay mineral. It’s composed of hydrated magnesium silicate. Talc is commonly used as a thickening agent or a lubricant. Talc acts as a catalyst for ceramics, and it helps the clay shrink and become tougher and denser. It also makes the ceramics resistant to weather conditions. It’s also used to glaze ceramic tiles.
Feldspar forms the backbone for the production of ceramic tiles. It acts as a fluxing agent, as it cleans out the mixture to give a glassy look. It also helps dissolve the clay, sand, and other minerals. Feldspar also adds to the alumina and silica content in the ceramics.
Dolomite is a naturally occurring resource; it has an equal composite of calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate hydroxide. Dolomite is a principal ingredient in ceramics due to its high magnesium content, and Dolomite is usually available in white powdered form.
Calcite or Calcium Carbonate has a coarse body and is used to produce ceramic tiles. Calcium Oxide is one of the main components of Calcite, and it acts as a melting agent at high temperatures. It also acts as a fluxing agent and helps glaze the tiles at 1100 Co.
- Illite Clay
Illite Clay is a principal component when crafting porcelain tiles. Illite is an altered product of Feldspar and muscovite (mica). It gets altered through weathering and in hydrothermal environments.
Quartz is a mineral and solid form of silica sand, and quartz is one of the main raw materials added to the ceramic mixture. Quartz powder is used in ceramics and glazes in huge quantities, and it equips the ceramics to be chemically and mechanically strong.
Mica or Muscovite flakes/powder are used in clay bodies to make the tiles sparkle a little. They have a high melting point of 1250-1300Co. However, mica is used in small quantities in ceramics or isn’t used.
- Aluminum Oxide
Aluminum Oxide or Alumina is a very hard industrial ceramic formed through diamond grinding. Alumina powder is a white granular material that is silky and smooth. Ceramics made from alumina are good at resisting abrasions and are wear & tear-proof. Alumina Ceramics also act as good high-temperature electrical insulators.
- Nepheline Syenite
Nepheline Syenite is a substitute for Feldspar and is often used to manufacture ceramics. It also contributes to the alumina content of the mixture and is used for fluxing in vitreous, semi-vitreous, and porcelain tiles.
Saurashtra Group of Companies’ subsidiary RK Enterprises in Morbi supplies all these and more raw materials, and they have a stable and thorough supply of premium quality materials. So, if you are looking for a raw material supplier in Morbi, this is it!